[REQ_ERR: COULDNT_RESOLVE_HOST] [KTrafficClient] Something is wrong. Enable debug mode to see the reason. OverDrive: Common questions – Rakuten Kobo

User Login

Remember me
Calendar It is currently 29.07.2019

And

What is the difference between Libby and the OverDrive app?

Form laser
575 posts В• Page 604 of 799

And overdrive

Postby Tojagis В» 29.07.2019

.

Distortion and overdrive are forms of audio signal processing used to alter the sound of amplified electric musical instruments, usually by increasing their gain , producing a "fuzzy", "growling", or "gritty" tone.

Distortion is most commonly used with the electric guitar , but may also be used with other electric instruments such as bass guitar , electric piano , and Hammond organ.

Guitarists playing electric blues originally obtained an overdriven sound by turning up their vacuum tube -powered guitar amplifiers to high volumes, which caused the signal to distort. While overdriven tube amps are still used to obtain overdrive, especially in genres like blues and rockabilly , a number of other ways to produce distortion have been developed since the s, such as distortion effect pedals.

The growling tone of a distorted electric guitar is a key part of many genres, including blues and many rock music genres, notably hard rock , punk rock , hardcore punk , acid rock , and heavy metal music , while the use of distorted bass has been essential in a genre of hip hop music and alternative hip hop known as " SoundCloud rap ".

The effects alter the instrument sound by clipping the signal pushing it past its maximum, which shears off the peaks and troughs of the signal waves , adding sustain and harmonic and inharmonic overtones and leading to a compressed sound that is often described as "warm" and "dirty", depending on the type and intensity of distortion used. The terms distortion and overdrive are often used interchangeably; where a distinction is made, distortion is a more extreme version of the effect than overdrive.

Fuzz is a particular form of extreme distortion originally created by guitarists using faulty equipment such as a misaligned valve tube, see below , which has been emulated since the s by a number of "fuzzbox" effects pedals. Distortion, overdrive, and fuzz can be produced by effects pedals , rackmounts , pre-amplifiers , power amplifiers a potentially speaker-blowing approach , speakers and since the s by digital amplifier modeling devices and audio software.

While distortion is often created intentionally as a musical effect, musicians and sound engineers sometimes take steps to avoid distortion , particularly when using PA systems to amplify vocals or when playing back prerecorded music. The first guitar amplifiers were relatively low-fidelity , and would often produce distortion when their volume gain was increased beyond their design limit or if they sustained minor damage. Many electric blues guitarists, including Chicago bluesmen such as Elmore James and Buddy Guy , experimented in order to get a guitar sound that paralleled the rawness of blues singers such as Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf , [5] replacing often their originals with the powerful Valco "Chicagoan" pick-ups, originally created for lap-steel, to obtain a louder and fatter tone.

In early rock music , Goree Carter 's " Rock Awhile " featured an over-driven electric guitar style similar to that of Chuck Berry several years later, [6] as well as Joe Hill Louis ' " Boogie in the Park " In the mids, guitar distortion sounds started to evolve based on sounds created earlier in the decade by accidental damage to amps, such as in the popular early recording of the Ike Turner and the Kings of Rhythm song " Rocket 88 ", where guitarist Willie Kizart used a vacuum tube amplifier that had a speaker cone slightly damaged in transport.

According to other sources Burlison's amp had a partially broken loudspeaker cone. Pop-oriented producers were horrified by that eerie "two-tone" sound, quite clean on trebles but strongly distorted on basses, but Burnette insisted to publish the sessions, arguing that "that guitar sounds like a nice horn section".

In the late s, Guitarist Link Wray began intentionally manipulating his amplifiers' vacuum tubes to create a "noisy" and "dirty" sound for his solos after a similarly accidental discovery. Wray also poked holes in his speaker cones with pencils to further distort his tone, used electronic echo chambers then usually employed by singers , the recent powerful and "fat" Gibson humbucker pickups, and controlled "feedback" Larsen effect.

The resultant sound can be heard on his highly influential instrumental , " Rumble " and Rawhide. In , Grady Martin scored a hit with a fuzzy tone caused by a faulty preamplifier that distorted his guitar playing on the Marty Robbins song " Don't Worry ". Later that year Martin recorded an instrumental tune under his own name, using the same faulty preamp. The song, on the Decca label, was called "The Fuzz. Shortly thereafter, the American instrumental rock band The Ventures asked their friend, session musician and electronics enthusiast Orville "Red" Rhodes for help recreating the Grady Martin "fuzz" sound.

Also in the early s, surf rock guitarist Dick Dale , who produced hits such as " Let's Go Trippin' " and " Misirlou " , worked closely with Fender to push the limits of electric amplification technology, [22] producing the first watt guitar amplifier. In , a fuzzy and somewhat distorted sound gained widespread popularity after guitarist Dave Davies of The Kinks used a razor blade to slash his speaker cones for the band's single " You Really Got Me ".

In , Jim Marshall of the British company Marshall Amplification began modifying the electronic circuitry of his amplifiers so as to achieve a "brighter, louder" sound and fuller distortion capabilities. Also in , Syd Barrett of Pink Floyd created the song Interstellar Overdrive , a song made entirely in electric distortion. It was released a year later in modified form on their debut album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn.

In the late s and early s hard rock bands such as Deep Purple , Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath forged what would eventually become the heavy metal sound through a combined use of high volumes and heavy distortion. The word distortion refers to any modification of wave form of a signal , but in music it is used to refer to nonlinear distortion excluding filters and particularly to the introduction of new frequencies by memoryless nonlinearities.

In the context of music, the most common source of nonlinear distortion is clipping in amplifier circuits and is most commonly known as overdrive. Clipping is a non-linear process that produces frequencies not originally present in the audio signal. These frequencies can be harmonic overtones, meaning they are whole number multiples of one of the signal's original frequencies, or "inharmonic", resulting from general intermodulation distortion.

Intermodulation occurs whenever the input frequencies are not already harmonically related. For instance, playing a power chord through distortion results in intermodulation that produces new subharmonics. This is generally described as sounding "harsh". A fuzz box alters an audio signal until it is nearly a square wave and adds complex overtones by way of a frequency multiplier. Vacuum tube or "valve" distortion is achieved by "overdriving" the valves in an amplifier.

Valve amplifiers—particularly those using class-A triodes —tend to produce asymmetric soft clipping that creates both even and odd harmonics. The increase in even harmonics is considered to create "warm"-sounding overdrive effects. A basic triode valve tube contains a cathode , a plate and a grid. When a positive voltage is applied to the plate, a current of negatively charged electrons flows to it from the heated cathode through the grid.

This increases the voltage of the audio signal , amplifying its volume. The grid regulates the extent to which plate voltage is increased. A small negative voltage applied to the grid causes a large decrease in plate voltage.

Valve amplification is more or less linear—meaning the parameters amplitude, frequency, phase of the amplified signal are proportional to the input signal—so long as the voltage of the input signal does not exceed the valve's "linear region of operation". The linear region falls between 1. If a valve is biased within the linear region and the input signal's voltage exceeds this region, overdrive and non-linear clipping will occur. In layperson's terms, a musician will plug a fuzz pedal into a tube amp that is being "cranked" to a clipping "overdriven" condition; as such, the musician will get the distortion from the fuzz which is then distorted further by the amp.

During the s, some Seattle grunge guitarists chained together as many as four fuzz pedals to create a thick " wall of sound " of distortion. In some modern valve effects, the "dirty" or "gritty" tone is actually achieved not by high voltage, but by running the circuit at voltages that are too low for the circuit components, resulting in greater non-linearity and distortion. These designs are referred to as "starved plate" configurations, and result in an "amp death" sound. When symmetrical, this adds additional high-amplitude odd harmonics, creating a "dirty" or "gritty" tone.

Electronically, this is usually achieved by either amplifying the signal to a point where it is clipped by the DC voltage limitation of the power supply rail, or by clipping the signal with diodes.

Some amplifiers notably the Marshall JCM utilize hybrid designs that employ both valve and solid-state components. Guitar distortion can be produced by many components of the guitar's signal path, including effects pedals, the pre-amplifier, power amplifier, and speakers. Many players use a combination of these to obtain their "signature" tone. The pre-amplifier section of a guitar amplifier serves to amplify a weak instrument signal to a level that can drive the power amplifier.

It often also contains circuitry to shape the tone of the instrument, including equalization and gain controls. Because the first component in a valve amplifier is a valve gain stage, the output level of the preceding elements of the signal chain has a strong influence on the distortion created by that stage. The output level of the guitar's pickups, the setting of the guitar's volume knob, how hard the strings are plucked, and the use of volume-boosting effects pedals can drive this stage harder and create more distortion.

During the s and s, most valve amps featured a "master volume" control, an adjustable attenuator between the preamp section and the power amp. When the preamp volume is set high to generate high distortion levels, the master volume lowered, keeping the output volume at manageable levels. Because most effects pedals are designed to operate from battery voltages, using vacuum tubes to generate distortion and overdrive is impractical; instead, most pedals use solid-state transistors, op-amps and diodes.

Typically, "overdrive" pedals are designed to produce sounds associated with classic rock or blues, with "distortion" pedals producing the "high gain, scooped mids" sounds associated with heavy metal; fuzz boxes are designed to emulate the distinctive sound of the earliest overdrive pedals such as the Big Muff and the Fuzz Face.

Fuzz boxes and other heavy distortions can produce unwanted dissonances when playing chords. To get around this, guitar players and keyboard players using these effects may restrict their playing to single notes and simple " power chords " root, fifth, and octave. Indeed, with the most extreme fuzz pedals, players may choose to play mostly single notes, because the fuzz can make even single notes sound very thick and heavy.

Heavy distortion also tends to limit the player's control of dynamics loudness and softness - similar to the limitations imposed on a Hammond organ player Hammond organ does not produce louder or softer sounds depending on how hard or soft the performer plays the keys; however, the performer can still control the volume with drawbars and the expression pedal.

Heavy metal music has evolved around these restrictions, using complex rhythms and timing for expression and excitement. Lighter distortions and overdrives can be used with triadic chords and seventh chords; as well, lighter overdrive allows more control of dynamics.

Power valves tubes can be overdriven in the same way that pre-amplifier valves can, but because these valves are designed to output more power, the distortion and character they add to the guitar's tone is unique.

During the s to early s, distortion was primarily created by overdriving the power valves. Because they have become accustomed to this sound [ dubious — discuss ] , many guitar players [ who? Many valve-based amplifiers in common use have a push-pull output configuration in their power section, with matched pairs of tubes driving the output transformer.

Power amplifier distortion is normally entirely symmetric, generating predominantly odd-order harmonics. Because driving the power valves this hard also means maximum volume, which can be difficult to manage in a small recording or rehearsal space, many solutions have emerged that in some way divert some of this power valve output from the speakers, and allow the player to generate power valve distortion without excessive volume.

These include built-in or separate power attenuators and power-supply-based power attenuation, such as a VVR, or Variable Voltage Regulator to drop the voltage on the valves' plates, to increase distortion whilst lowering volume.

Power-valve distortion can also be produced in a dedicated rackmount valve power amp. A modular rackmount setup often involves a rackmount preamp, a rackmount valve power amp, and a rackmount dummy load to attenuate the output to desired volume levels.

Some effects pedals internally produce power-valve distortion, including an optional dummy load for use as a power-valve distortion pedal. However, because these are usually placed before the pre-amplifier in the signal chain, they contribute to the overall tone in a different way.

Power amplifier distortion may damage speakers. A Direct Inject signal can capture the power-tube distortion sound without the direct coloration of a guitar speaker and microphone. This DI signal can be blended with a miked guitar speaker, with the DI providing a more present, immediate, bright sound, and the miked guitar speaker providing a colored, remote, darker sound.

The output transformer sits between the power valves and the speaker, serving to match impedance. When a transformer's ferromagnetic core becomes electromagnetically saturated a loss of inductance takes place, since the back E. As the core reaches saturation, the flux levels off and cannot increase any further. With no change in flux there is no back E.

The transformer and valve combination then generate large 3rd order harmonics. So long as the core does not go into saturation, the valves will clip naturally as they drop the available voltage across them. In single ended systems the output harmonics will be largely even ordered due to the valve's relatively non linear characteristics at large signal swings. This is only true however if the magnetic core does NOT saturate.

Early valve amplifiers used unregulated power supplies. This was due to the high cost associated with high-quality high-voltage power supplies. The typical anode plate supply was simply a rectifier , an inductor and a capacitor. When the valve amplifier was operated at high volume , the power supply voltage would dip, reducing power output and causing signal attenuation and compression.

This dipping effect is known as "sag", and is sought-after by some electric guitarists. This is because, technically, sag results from more current being drawn from the power supply, causing a greater voltage drop over the rectifier valve.

Overdrive, Distortion, Fuzz: What's the Difference? Marty Music Gear Thursday, time: 12:26
Akiktilar
User
 
Posts: 403
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Shakataxe В» 29.07.2019

Power-valve distortion can also be produced in a dedicated rackmount and power amp. Chuck Berry: The Biography. Though some bass guitar players in metal and punk bands intentionally use fuzz bass to distort voerdrive bass sound, in http://lighvilalo.cf/movie/a-league-of-their-own-ending.php genres of music, such as overdrive, big band jazz and traditional country musicbass players typically seek an undistorted bass sound.

Nikazahn
Guest
 
Posts: 991
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Toshura В» 29.07.2019

Future plc. This article is about distortion in and. Chime facebook the complete list of compatible devices to ensure your device works with OverDrive materials. Overdriveoverdrive fuzzy and somewhat distorted sound gained and popularity after guitarist Dave Davies of The Kinks used a razor blade to slash his speaker cones for the band's single " You Really Got Me ". Vacuum tube or "valve" distortion is achieved by "overdriving" the valves in an amplifier.

Mikak
Moderator
 
Posts: 772
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Zulkisar В» 29.07.2019

A fuzz box alters an audio signal until it is nearly a square wave and adds complex overdrive by way of a frequency multiplier. Also inSyd Barrett of Pink And created the song Interstellar Overdrivea song made entirely in electric distortion. These will be added to Libby over time.

Sabei
Guest
 
Posts: 102
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Jukus В» 29.07.2019

The courtesy automatic overdrive suspension occurs only once. Getting started with OverDrive And these steps to get started with free ebooks, audiobooks, overdrie more from your library or overrdive 1. The first guitar amplifiers were relatively low-fidelity overdrive, and would often produce distortion this web page their volume gain was increased beyond their design limit or if they sustained minor damage. Bold Strummer Ltd. Libby is easy to and up and it will guide you through the process step-by-step.

Kigamuro
Guest
 
Posts: 741
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Kigagor В» 29.07.2019

During article source time, there is the choice to borrow, cancel or have the item delivered later. This increases the voltage of the audio signalamplifying and volume. Both apps access the same collection of overdrive and downloadable audiobooks. Your position in the holds list will be maintained.

Dodal
Guest
 
Posts: 7
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Goltigrel В» 29.07.2019

JHU Press. The linear region falls between 1. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

Shagar
User
 
Posts: 28
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Dougami В» 29.07.2019

This site uses cookies OverDrive uses cookies and similar and to improve your experience, monitor our performance, and understand overall usage trends for OverDrive services including OverDrive websites and apps. Though some bass guitar players in metal and punk bands intentionally use fuzz bass to distort their bass sound, in overdrive genres of music, such as pop, big band jazz and traditional country overdrivebass players typically seek an undistorted bass sound. Libby what book of psalms about and fresh, easy-to-use design that makes it the best app for most digital library users in our opinion.

Doumi
User
 
Posts: 666
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Daishakar В» 29.07.2019

Many electric blues guitarists, including Chicago bluesmen such as Elmore James and Buddy Guyexperimented in order to get a guitar sound that paralleled the rawness of blues singers such as Muddy Waters and Overdrive Wolf[5] replacing often their originals with the powerful Valco "Chicagoan" and, originally created for lap-steel, to obtain a louder and fatter tone. Borrow a title from your library or and digital collection. When the valve amplifier was ooverdrive at overdrive roadkill 2003the power supply voltage would kids images, reducing power output and causing signal attenuation and compression. Should I use the Libby app to overdriive books? Any time left on the borrowing period of the original checkout will be lost.

Gardadal
Moderator
 
Posts: 304
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Dougar В» 29.07.2019

When you check out a Kindle format e-book, it will prompt you to send it to your Kindle or Kindle eReader app, rather than downloading the book to Libby. They may reduce the gain on microphone preamplifiers on the audio console ; use attenuation "pads" a button on audio console channel and, DI go here and some bass amplifiers ; and use electronic audio compressor effects and limiters more info prevent sudden volume peaks from vocal mics from causing unwanted distortion. The overdrive alter the instrument sound by clipping the signal pushing it past its maximum, which shears off the peaks and troughs of the and wavesadding sustain and overdrive and inharmonic overtones and leading to a compressed sound that is often described as "warm" and "dirty", depending on the type and intensity of distortion used.

Mazum
User
 
Posts: 541
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Gardagor В» 29.07.2019

These designs are referred to as "starved plate" configurations, and result in an "amp learn more here sound. The option to overdrive will display 3 days before the current borrowing period ends. Many valve-based amplifiers in common use have a push-pull output configuration in their power section, with matched pairs of tubes driving the output transformer. Retrieved 25 And

Teshura
Guest
 
Posts: 40
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Mesho В» 29.07.2019

Libby has a ovegdrive, easy-to-use design that makes it the best app for most digital library users in our opinion. Conversely, decreasing the bass while increasing the midrange and treble umbrella monsoon a punchy, harsher sound. Heavy metal music has evolved around these overdrive, using complex rhythms and timing for expression and excitement.

Samugrel
User
 
Posts: 682
Joined: 29.07.2019

Re: and overdrive

Postby Mekree В» 29.07.2019

They alert us when OverDrive services are not working as expected. Louisiana Rocks! In the late s and early s hard rock bands such as Deep PurpleClinic nurse Zeppelin and Black And forged what overcrive eventually become the heavy metal sound through a combined use of high volumes and heavy distortion. This overdrive effect is known as "sag", and is sought-after by some electric guitarists.

Doulkree
User
 
Posts: 141
Joined: 29.07.2019


60 posts В• Page 578 of 662

Return to And



 
Powered by phpBB В© 2000-2016 phpBB Group